Changes between Version 2 and Version 3 of WikiProcessors


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Timestamp:
18/06/13 12:48:03 (8 years ago)
Author:
trac
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  • WikiProcessors

    v2 v3  
    11= Wiki Processors =
    22
    3 Processors are [TracWikiMacros wiki macros] designed to provide alternative markup formats for the [TracWiki Wiki engine]. Processors can be thought of as ''macro functions to process user-edited text''.
    4 
    5 The Wiki engine uses processors to allow using [wiki:WikiRestructuredText Restructured Text], [wiki:WikiHtml raw HTML] and [http://www.textism.com/tools/textile/ textile] in any Wiki text throughout Trac.
     3Processors are WikiMacros designed to provide alternative markup formats for the [TracWiki Wiki engine]. Processors can be thought of as ''macro functions to process user-edited text''.
     4
     5Wiki processors can be used in any Wiki text throughout Trac,
     6for various different purposes, like:
     7 - [#CodeHighlightingSupport syntax highlighting] or for rendering text verbatim,
     8 - rendering [#HTMLrelated Wiki markup inside a context],
     9   like inside <div> blocks or <span> or within <td> or <th> table cells,
     10 - using an alternative markup syntax, like [wiki:WikiHtml raw HTML] and
     11   [wiki:WikiRestructuredText Restructured Text],
     12   or [http://www.textism.com/tools/textile/ textile]
    613
    714
    815== Using Processors ==
    916
    10 To use a processor on a block of text, use a Wiki code block, selecting a processor by name using ''shebang notation'' (#!), familiar to most UNIX users from scripts.
    11 
    12 '''Example 1''' (''inserting raw HTML in a wiki text''):
    13 
     17To use a processor on a block of text, first delimit the lines using
     18a Wiki ''code block'':
     19{{{
     20{{{
     21The lines
     22that should be processed...
     23}}}
     24}}}
     25
     26Immediately after the `{{{` or on the line just below,
     27add `#!` followed by the ''processor name''.
     28
     29{{{
     30{{{
     31#!processorname
     32The lines
     33that should be processed...
     34}}}
     35}}}
     36
     37This is the "shebang" notation, familiar to most UNIX users.
     38
     39Besides their content, some Wiki processors can also accept ''parameters'',
     40which are then given as `key=value` pairs after the processor name,
     41on the same line. If `value` has to contain space, as it's often the case for
     42the style parameter, a quoted string can be used (`key="value with space"`).
     43
     44As some processors are meant to process Wiki markup, it's quite possible to
     45''nest'' processor blocks.
     46You may want to indent the content of nested blocks for increased clarity,
     47this extra indentation will be ignored when processing the content.
     48
     49
     50== Examples ==
     51
     52||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     53{{{#!td colspan=2 align=center style="border: none"
     54
     55                __Example 1__: Inserting raw HTML
     56}}}
     57|-----------------------------------------------------------------
     58{{{#!td style="border: none"
     59{{{
    1460{{{
    1561#!html
    16 <pre class="wiki">{{{
     62<h1 style="color: grey">This is raw HTML</h1>
     63}}}
     64}}}
     65}}}
     66{{{#!td valign=top style="border: none; padding-left: 2em"
     67{{{
    1768#!html
    18 &lt;h1 style="color: orange"&gt;This is raw HTML&lt;/h1&gt;
    19 }}}</pre>
    20 }}}
    21 
    22 '''Results in:'''
    23 {{{
    24 #!html
    25 <h1 style="color: orange">This is raw HTML</h1>
    26 }}}
    27 
    28 ----
    29 
    30 '''Example 2''' (''inserting Restructured Text in wiki text''):
    31 
    32 {{{
    33 #!html
    34 <pre class="wiki">{{{
    35 #!rst
    36 A header
    37 --------
    38 This is some **text** with a footnote [*]_.
    39 
    40 .. [*] This is the footnote.
    41 }}}</pre>
    42 }}}
    43 
    44 '''Results in:'''
    45 {{{
    46 #!rst
    47 A header
    48 --------
    49 This is some **text** with a footnote [*]_.
    50 
    51 .. [*] This is the footnote.
    52 }}}
    53 ----
    54 '''Example 3''' (''inserting a block of C source code in wiki text''):
    55 
    56 {{{
    57 #!html
    58 <pre class="wiki">{{{
    59 #!c
    60 int main(int argc, char *argv[])
    61 {
    62   printf("Hello World\n");
    63   return 0;
    64 }
    65 }}}</pre>
    66 }}}
    67 
    68 '''Results in:'''
    69 {{{
    70 #!c
    71 int main(int argc, char *argv[])
    72 {
    73   printf("Hello World\n");
    74   return 0;
    75 }
    76 }}}
    77 
    78 ----
    79 
     69<h1 style="color: grey">This is raw HTML</h1>
     70}}}
     71}}}
     72|-----------------------------------------------------------------
     73{{{#!td colspan=2 align=center style="border: none"
     74
     75     __Example 2__: Highlighted Python code in a <div> block with custom style
     76}}}
     77|-----------------------------------------------------------------
     78{{{#!td style="border: none"
     79  {{{
     80  {{{#!div style="background: #ffd; border: 3px ridge"
     81
     82  This is an example of embedded "code" block:
     83
     84    {{{
     85    #!python
     86    def hello():
     87        return "world"
     88    }}}
     89
     90  }}}
     91  }}}
     92}}}
     93{{{#!td valign=top style="border: none; padding: 1em"
     94  {{{#!div style="background: #ffd; border: 3px ridge"
     95
     96  This is an example of embedded "code" block:
     97
     98    {{{
     99    #!python
     100    def hello():
     101        return "world"
     102    }}}
     103
     104  }}}
     105}}}
     106|-----------------------------------------------------------------
     107{{{#!td colspan=2 align=center style="border: none"
     108
     109     __Example 3__: Searching tickets from a wiki page, by keywords.
     110}}}
     111|-----------------------------------------------------------------
     112{{{#!td style="border: none"
     113  {{{
     114  {{{
     115  #!html
     116  <form action="/query" method="get"><div>
     117  <input type="text" name="keywords" value="~" size="30"/>
     118  <input type="submit" value="Search by Keywords"/>
     119  <!-- To control what fields show up use hidden fields
     120  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="id"/>
     121  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="summary"/>
     122  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="status"/>
     123  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="milestone"/>
     124  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="version"/>
     125  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="owner"/>
     126  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="priority"/>
     127  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="component"/>
     128  -->
     129  </div></form>
     130  }}}
     131  }}}
     132}}}
     133{{{#!td valign=top style="border: none; padding: 1em"
     134  {{{
     135  #!html
     136  <form action="/query" method="get"><div>
     137  <input type="text" name="keywords" value="~" size="30"/>
     138  <input type="submit" value="Search by Keywords"/>
     139  <!-- To control what fields show up use hidden fields
     140  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="id"/>
     141  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="summary"/>
     142  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="status"/>
     143  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="milestone"/>
     144  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="version"/>
     145  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="owner"/>
     146  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="priority"/>
     147  <input type="hidden" name="col" value="component"/>
     148  -->
     149  </div></form>
     150  }}}
     151}}}
    80152== Available Processors ==
     153
    81154The following processors are included in the Trac distribution:
    82  * '''html''' -- Insert custom HTML in a wiki page. See WikiHtml.
    83  * '''div''' -- Wrap an arbitrary Wiki content in a <div> element (''since 0.11''). See WikiHtml.
    84  * '''rst''' -- Trac support for Restructured Text. See WikiRestructuredText.
    85  * '''textile''' -- Supported if [http://cheeseshop.python.org/pypi/textile Textile] is installed. See [http://www.textism.com/tools/textile/ a Textile reference].
    86  * '''comment''' -- Do not process the text in this section (i.e. contents exist only in the plain text - not in the rendered page).
    87 
    88 === Code Highlighting Support ===
    89 Trac includes processors to provide inline [wiki:TracSyntaxColoring syntax highlighting] for the following languages:
    90  * '''c''' -- C
    91  * '''cpp''' -- C++
    92  * '''python''' -- Python
    93  * '''perl''' -- Perl
    94  * '''ruby''' -- Ruby
    95  * '''php''' -- PHP
    96  * '''asp''' --- ASP
    97  * '''sql''' -- SQL
    98  * '''xml''' -- XML
    99  * '''sh''' -- Bourne/Bash shell
    100 '''Note:''' ''Trac relies on external software packages for syntax coloring. See TracSyntaxColoring for more info.''
    101 
    102 By using the MIME type as processor, it is possible to syntax-highlight the same languages that are supported when browsing source code. For example, you can write:
    103 {{{
     155
     156|| '''`#!default`''' || Present the text verbatim in a preformatted text block. This is the same as specifying ''no'' processor name (and no `#!`) ||
     157|| '''`#!comment`''' || Do not process the text in this section (i.e. contents exist only in the plain text - not in the rendered page). ||
     158|||| ||
     159||||= '''HTML related''' =||
     160|| '''`#!html`''' || Insert custom HTML in a wiki page. ||
     161|| '''`#!htmlcomment`''' || Insert an HTML comment in a wiki page (''since 0.12''). ||
     162|| || Note that `#!html` blocks have to be ''self-contained'', i.e. you can't start an HTML element in one block and close it later in a second block. Use the following processors for achieving a similar effect.  ||
     163|| '''`#!div`''' || Wrap an arbitrary Wiki content inside a <div> element (''since 0.11''). ||
     164|| '''`#!span`''' || Wrap an arbitrary Wiki content inside a <span> element (''since 0.11''). ||
     165|| '''`#!td`''' || Wrap an arbitrary Wiki content inside a <td> element (''since 0.12'') ||
     166|| '''`#!th`''' || Wrap an arbitrary Wiki content inside a <th> element (''since 0.12'') ||
     167|| '''`#!tr`''' || Can optionally be used for wrapping `#!td` and `#!th` blocks, either for specifying row attributes of better visual grouping (''since 0.12'') ||
     168|| || See WikiHtml for example usage and more details about these processors. ||
     169|||| ||
     170||||= '''Other Markups''' =||
     171|| '''`#!rst`''' || Trac support for Restructured Text. See WikiRestructuredText. ||
     172|| '''`#!textile`''' || Supported if [http://cheeseshop.python.org/pypi/textile Textile] is installed. See [http://www.textism.com/tools/textile/ a Textile reference]. ||
     173|||| ||
     174||||= '''Code Highlighting Support''' =||
     175|| '''`#!c`''' [[BR]] '''`#!cpp`''' (C++) [[BR]] '''`#!python`''' [[BR]] '''`#!perl`''' [[BR]] '''`#!ruby`''' [[BR]] '''`#!php`''' [[BR]] '''`#!asp`''' [[BR]] '''`#!java`''' [[BR]] '''`#!js`''' (Javascript) [[BR]] '''`#!sql`''' [[BR]] '''`#!xml`''' (XML or HTML) [[BR]] '''`#!sh`''' (!Bourne/Bash shell) [[BR]] '''etc.''' [[BR]] || Trac includes processors to provide inline syntax highlighting for source code in various languages. [[BR]] [[BR]] Trac relies on external software packages for syntax coloring, like [http://pygments.org Pygments]. [[BR]] [[BR]] See TracSyntaxColoring for information about which languages are supported and how to enable support for more languages. ||
     176|||| ||
     177
     178Using the MIME type as processor, it is possible to syntax-highlight the same languages that are supported when browsing source code.
     179
     180||||= '''MIME Type Processors''' =||
     181{{{#!tr
     182{{{#!td
     183Some examples:
     184 {{{
    104185{{{
    105186#!text/html
    106187<h1>text</h1>
    107188}}}
    108 }}}
    109 
    110 The result will be syntax highlighted HTML code. The same is valid for all other mime types supported.
    111 
     189 }}}
     190}}}
     191{{{#!td
     192The result will be syntax highlighted HTML code:
     193 {{{
     194#!text/html
     195<h1>text</h1>
     196 }}}
     197
     198The same is valid for all other [TracSyntaxColoring#SyntaxColoringSupport mime types supported].
     199}}}
     200}}}
     201{{{#!td
     202 {{{
     203{{{
     204#!diff
     205--- Version 55
     206+++ Version 56
     207@@ -115,8 +115,9 @@
     208     name='TracHelloWorld', version='1.0',
     209     packages=find_packages(exclude=['*.tests*']),
     210-    entry_points = """
     211-        [trac.plugins]
     212-        helloworld = myplugs.helloworld
     213-    """,
     214+    entry_points = {
     215+        'trac.plugins': [
     216+            'helloworld = myplugs.helloworld',
     217+        ],
     218+    },
     219 )
     220}}}
     221 }}}
     222}}}
     223{{{#!td
     224'''`#!diff`''' has a particularly nice renderer:
     225 {{{
     226#!diff
     227--- Version 55
     228+++ Version 56
     229@@ -115,8 +115,9 @@
     230     name='TracHelloWorld', version='1.0',
     231     packages=find_packages(exclude=['*.tests*']),
     232-    entry_points = """
     233-        [trac.plugins]
     234-        helloworld = myplugs.helloworld
     235-    """,
     236+    entry_points = {
     237+        'trac.plugins': [
     238+            'helloworld = myplugs.helloworld',
     239+        ],
     240+    },
     241 )
     242 }}}
     243}}}
    112244
    113245For more processor macros developed and/or contributed by users, visit:
    114  * [http://trac.edgewall.org/wiki/ProcessorBazaar ProcessorBazaar]
    115  * [http://trac.edgewall.org/wiki/MacroBazaar MacroBazaar]
    116 
    117 
    118 == Advanced Topics: Developing Processor Macros ==
    119 Developing processors is no different from [TracWikiMacros wiki macros]. In fact they work the same way, only the usage syntax differs.
     246 * [trac:ProcessorBazaar]
     247 * [trac:MacroBazaar]
     248 * [http://trac-hacks.org Trac Hacks] community site
     249
     250Developing processors is no different from Wiki macros.
     251In fact they work the same way, only the usage syntax differs.
     252See WikiMacros#DevelopingCustomMacros for more information.
    120253
    121254
    122255----
    123 See also: TracWikiMacros, WikiHtml, WikiRestructuredText, TracSyntaxColoring, WikiFormatting, TracGuide
     256See also: WikiMacros, WikiHtml, WikiRestructuredText, TracSyntaxColoring, WikiFormatting, TracGuide